Early Childhood Intervention


Very young child using a long cane whilst an adult squats beside her

Very young child using a long cane

What is early childhood intervention orientation and mobility?

Early childhood orientation and mobility (O&M) involves children learning the skills and techniques of independent travel at a developmentally appropriate age; learning to move independently, safely, and with a sense of purpose through the environment.

At Independent Options for Mobility, we believe:

  • The foundations for independent travel are built during infancy and early childhood.
  • O&M concepts and skills are best developed in the child’s home environment and local community.
  • Parents are a child’s first and most important teacher.

Why choose Independent Options for Mobility as a service provider?

Dr Bronwen Scott has extensive experience in the provision of early intervention O&M skills and techniques, including several years working as a member of the Early Childhood Teaching Team with the Vision Education Service in Western Australia. She has completed a Doctor of Education degree, and her thesis on early intervention O&M is available here. Bronwen is a member of Early Childhood Australia, and Early Childhood Intervention Australia, and has been involved as a member of the Expert Advisory Group for the Early Childhood Intervention National Guidelines Project.  You can access the ECIA National Guidelines here.

Dean Johnson has many years of experience providing O&M intervention to children, and is a registered teacher with the Victorian Institute of Teaching.


Information and Resources

You can download further information about O&M with children by clicking the links below:

What is orientation and mobility? (PDF)    What-is-orientation-and-mobility (rtf)

O&M for children with low vision  (PDF)   O&M for children with low vision  (rtf)

O&M for infants and toddlers   (PDF)    O&M for infants and toddlers  (rtf)

Early Intervention Services for children with vision and hearing impairment.  (PDF)

The-Expanded-Core-Curriculum  (PDF)  The-Expanded-Core-Curriculum  (rtf)

I’m starting to walk I can use a cane  (PDF)  I’m starting to walk I can use a cane  (rtf)

Early long cane use: A case study  (PDF)

Early intervention orientation and mobility: A Western Australian perspective  (PDF)

“Opening up the world” – Bronwen’s Ed.D. thesis on early intervention O&M

Bronwen has published a booklet for families, educators and other interested parties that is available from Amazon.  Alternatively, you can contact Bronwen directly to order a copy at: bron@options4mobility.com.au   The booklet cost $10, including postage.

Useful Websites:

Raising Children – Australian parenting website, including a useful section on disability

Family Connect  (American website for parents of children with vision impairment)

Little Long Canes – YouTube clip about long cane use for very young children

NFB Early Explorers – YouTube clip about the National Federation of the Blind (USA) early long cane program

Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Insight School for the Blind and Vision Impaired – Specialist independent school in Melbourne, Australia